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Why to study riots?

Posted by on May 13, 2014 |

WHY THIS SUBJECT ONLY?

Even though a lot of scholars had already addressed the riots problem in India and even spent their precious time of life to conduct research, still as a newbie the author have selected this topic not only to introduce myself to this serious topic but also to make an honest try to find out a solution. I don’t know what will be the impact of my study which will be based on second and third party sources instead of the direct first part resources.

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Riot Timeline

Posted by on May 13, 2014 |

Let us have a look on the list of riots in India before and after attaining the Independence. 

This list is collected on the secondary and third party sources available on the World Wide Web. In the research work, an honest try will be made to discuss the reasons of these riots, their true existence, and the loss occurred to the nation and the humanity.

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Definition of Riots

Posted by on May 13, 2014 |

What is riot?

As per Oxford English Dictionary, riot means the violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd. Wikipedia say, “A riot is a form of civil disorder characterized often by what is thought of as disorganized groups lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people. While individuals may attempt to lead or control a riot, riots are thought to be typically chaotic and exhibit herd behavior, and usually generated by civil unrest. However, there is a growing body of evidence to suggest that riots are not irrational, herd-like behavior, but follow inverted social norms.”

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Copyright – Meaning, Term and Ownership, Copyright Office and Board

Posted by on Apr 27, 2014 |

The Copyright is an exclusive right of a person or organization for its special work in any field and copyright act as a tool of promoting scientific temper in any country. But in context of transnational or international copyright, it is a most disputed problem in the world as Intellectual Property Rights (IPR’s) are still a confusing subject for WTO or UN.

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Critical Analysis of Vienna Convention on Consular Relations

Posted by on Apr 23, 2014 |

Criticism of Vienna Convention

  • These international conventions are always undermined by powerful countries such as USA, China etc. In case of violation of this convention, the last resort is International Court of Justice (ICJ) and USA has not accepted the compulsory jurisdiction of ICJ in violation of this convention. It means that violation of the Vienna Convention does not harm USA as there is no legal right available against the violation of convention.
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Consular Relations, Privileges, Immunities and Duties of Consulates

Posted by on Apr 22, 2014 |

The Vienna convention on consular relations is come into action to give effect to enshrine principles of charter of UN concerning maintenance of international peace, promotion of friendly relations etc. by providing special privileges to individuals working in a different country on behalf of their own nation. The objective was building mutual consular relations, successful execution of diplomatic missions or secures interest of foreign nationals.

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Critical Analysis – Competition Act 2002

Posted by on Apr 20, 2014 |

Critical Analysis

  • Excess control of Central Govt over CCI can be a cause of misuse of CCI by govt ministers in power to reflect decision of CCI in favour of their relatives or favourites. Here Excess control means a) CCI is bound to follow directions of central govt as may be issued time to time, b) power of central govt to exempt any number of enterprises from control of CCI as thinks fit in public interest.
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CCI – Duties, Powers and Control of Central Govt

Posted by on Apr 19, 2014 |

The Competition Act 2002 provides a provision to establish a commission called Competition Commission of India (CCI) for execution of provisions of this act. Also act was amended in 2007 to create an appellate tribunal called CAT to hear appeal against decisions of CCI but only in defined cases.

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Competition Act 2002 – Restricted Practices

Posted by on Apr 18, 2014 |

The Competition Act was a historical step in Legislation of India to sustain competition in markets of India by control on monopoly practices. The fair competition is a necessary element of market to protect interests of consumers, to promote freedom of trade, to maximize efficiency and for better economic development of the country. It was enacted in 2002 and again amended in 2007.

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Religious, Cultural and Environmental Rights

Posted by on Apr 16, 2014 |

The Article 25 to 30 of our constitution contain religious, cultural or educational rights which promotes free dissemination of religious beliefs or values  . The concern of minorities on basis of culture or religion or language as case may be are duly considered under this part of our constitution.

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Right Against Exploitation – Abolition of Slavery and Bonded Labour

Posted by on Apr 16, 2014 |

The founding fathers of our Constitution use more extensive terms ‘exploitation’ or ‘traffic in human beings’ rather than simply slavery and it prohibits not only slavery but traffic in women or children or the crippled, for immoral or other purposes.

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Right to Life – Personal Liberty and Right against Arbitrary Detention

Posted by on Apr 15, 2014 |

The right to life constitute most basic fundamental right in our constitution. The 44th amend 1978 makes it clear that fundamental rights under Article 20 (right in relation to conviction for offences) and 21 (right to life) can’t be taken away even at time of emergency (i.e. Article 20 and 21 are justiciable even at time of emergency).

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Fundamental Rights – Right to Equality

Posted by on Apr 14, 2014 |

The Fundamental Rights are enshrined in Part III of our constitution from Articles 12 to 35. These are more elaborate in Indian constitution than any other constitution of the world. Our constitution guarantees six fundamental rights. Here we will discuss right to equality and others in consequent parts.

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Municipality – Urban Local Self Government

Posted by on Mar 20, 2014 |

The Municipality is also called Urban Local Self Govt and it signifies governance of an urban area through their elected representatives. The 74th amend 1992 added a new part in constitution and provides constitutional status to Municipality. Article 243-P to 243-ZG in Part IX A and Twelfth schedule of the Constitution deals with composition, election and powers of a Municipality or Urban Local Self Govt.

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Panchayats – Rural Local Self Government

Posted by on Mar 19, 2014 |

The concept of Panchayati Raj is continuing from many centuries. But it got constitutional nod after enactment of 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992. After constitutional amendment, every state shall constitute Panchayats at all three levels. The democracy at grass root level is essential for sustainable and development of rural area. Article 243 (A to O) deals with composition, election and powers of Panchayat at all 3 levels.

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