SABLA – Modalities and Responsibility of Implementation
The term ‘Adolescence’ basically means “to emerge” or “achieve identity” and this age is a phase of transition from childhood to adulthood. There is no consensus on age of adolescent in world but WHO defines it b/w 10-19 yrs. The Adolescent Girls(AGs) need special care not just for their need but to fight with many problems of society such as malnutrition, social evils, education etc.
- AG – Adolescent Girl;
- ANM – Auxiliary Nurse Midwife;
- AWC – Anganwari Work Center;
- AWW – Anganwari Workers;
- ICDS – Integrated Child Development Service (Scheme under govt of India);
- IFA – Iron Folic Acid;
- RGSEAG – Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of AGs;
Modalities for Implementation
- Kishori Samooh (KS) – It is basically a group of 15-25 AGs from area of AWC and headed by Sakhi & Sahelis elected among Kishori Samooh of AGs. The Sakhi shall be leader assisted by 2 Sahelis and they serve group for 1 year (each girl shall be served as Sakhi for 4 months in rotation). The identified girls i.e. Sakhi & Sahelis shall be imparted necessary training at project/sector level to serve as peer monitor for KS. The KS can’t be formed where numbers of AGs are less than 7 in area of AWC.
- Training Kit – A kit shall be provided at each AWC for education of health, nutrition or legal issues. The Sakhi & Sahelis shall be trained to use kit for imparting education to other AGs.
- Kishori Diwas – A special day in every 3months shall be celebrated as Kishori Diwas and on this day regular health check up of all AGs shall be done by Medical Officer or ANM. The regular health check up includes measurement of height & weight, supply of IFA tablets etc. The day can be utilized for imparting informal education and communication to community/parents/siblings.
- Kishori Card – The Health or Kishori card of each AG shall be maintained at AWC. It contains information regarding height, weight, BMI, deworming, IFA supplementation etc. The card will also contain important milestones in girl’s life like joining and leaving school, marriage etc.
- Personnel – The Dist Programme Officer (DPO) and Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) shall be in charge of implementation of scheme at district and project level respectively. At village level, AWW will act as facilitator of scheme and would be assisted by AW helper(AWH), Sakhi& Sahelis and partnering NGOs and health functionaries.
- The RGSEAG – SABLA is a Central Sponsored scheme implemented through State/UTs with 100% financial assistance except nutrition component. For nutrition component, the expenditure would be shared on 50 : 50 basis b/w Center and State govt.
- The Ministry of Women & Child Development shall be responsible all budgetary & admin control from center. At State level, Secretary of Dept of Women & Child development dealing with ICDS shall be responsible for implementation of scheme.
- The AWC shall be focal point of scheme to provide services. If Infrastructure is not adequate then other arrangements such as school/panchayat building can be used.
- The ICDS infrastructure shall be used for implementation of SABLA. The Child Development Project Officer (CDPO) shall be responsible within ICDS project area.
- The AWW with Supervisors shall conduct survey & register all AGs in respective area and advice them to come AWC. The supervisors shall facilitate training for Sakhi/Sahelis, make plan for Kishori Diwas or make arrangement for NHE, life skill education etc.
Role of State Govt
- Implement scheme through ICDS set up;
- Conduct survey for identifications of beneficiaries;
- Increase awareness and make publicity about scheme in society by developing informal education and communication.
- Effective convergence of different schemes with SABLA;
- Set up Monitoring system for better implementation or transparency or accountability.
- The Political Will & corruption are big questions on implementation of scheme and for actual delivery of services.
- No obligations or consequences on anyone in case of non compliance.
- The reliability and availability of Training kit is a big hurdle in implementation of this scheme.
- Inadequate wages to Anganwari Workers as per work allocated (such as maternal care, infant mortality, child care 0-6yrs etc. under schemes SABLA, ICDS etc.). The wages are almost around 1000 or 2000 per month which is quite low as per allocated work and rising inflation.